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Horticulture Crops - Horticulture

Horticulture

پست كننده :Mohammad Khalid
تاریخ:یکشنبه 16 بهمن 1390-12:54 ب.ظ

Horticulture is the industry and science of plant cultivation including the process of preparing soil for the planting of seeds, tubers, or cuttings.[1]Horticulturists work and conduct research in the disciplines of plant propagationand cultivationcrop productionplant breeding and genetic engineering, plantbiochemistry, and plant physiology. The work involves fruitsberriesnuts,vegetablesflowerstreesshrubs, and turf. Horticulturists work to improve crop yield, quality, nutritional value, and resistance to insectsdiseases, and environmental stresses. Horticulture usually refers to gardening on a smaller scale, while agriculture refers to the large-scale cultivation of crops.[2] 
Areas of study
According to some accounts, horticulture involves eight areas of study, which can be grouped into two broad sections - ornamentals and edibles:
Arboriculture is the study of, and the selection, planting, care, and removal of, individual trees, shrubs, vines, and other perennial woody plants.
Floriculture includes the production and marketing of floral crops.
Landscape horticulture includes the production, marketing and maintenance of landscape plants.
Olericulture includes the production and marketing of vegetables.
Fruticulture or Pomology includes the production and marketing of fruits.
Viticulture includes the production and marketing of grapes.
Oenology includes all aspects of wine and winemaking.
Postharvest physiology involves maintaining the quality of and preventing the spoilage of horticultural crops.
Horticulturists can work in industry, government or educational institutions or private collections. They can be cropping systems engineers, wholesale or retail business managers, propagators and tissue culture specialists (fruits, vegetables, ornamentals, and turf), crop inspectors, crop production advisers, extension specialists, plant breeders, research scientists, and teachers.
Disciplines which complement horticulture include permaculturebiologybotanyentomologychemistrygeographymathematicsgenetics,physiologystatisticscomputer science, and communicationsgarden designplanting designPlant science and horticulture courses include: plant materials, plant propagation, tissue culture, crop production, post-harvest handlingplant breedingpollination management, crop nutrition, entomologyplant pathology, economics, and business. Some careers in horticultural science require a masters (MS) or doctoral (PhD) degree.
Horticulture is practiced in many gardens, "plant growth centres" and nurseries. Activities in nurseries range from preparing seeds and cuttings to growing fully mature plants. These are often sold or transferred to ornamental gardens or market gardens.scale, while agriculture refers to the large-scale cultivation of crops.[2







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